Most of the food you eat is broken down into sugar (also called glucose) and released into your bloodstream. When your blood sugar goes up, it signals your pancreas to release insulin. Insulin acts like a key to let the blood sugar into your body’s cells for use as energy.
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What are Low-Carb Diet And can it help manage diabetes?
A low-carb diet can be safe and effective in helping people with type 2 diabetes manage their weight, blood glucose (sugar) levels and risk of heart disease.
Also, evedence shows that low-carb diet affect growth in children, and so should not be recommended for them.
According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), for people with type 2 diabetes , low-carbohydrate eating plans show potential to improve glycemia and lipid outcomes for up to 1 year.
NOTE: According to research there is improvement in managing blood sugar level in people when they consume low-carb diet and stick to it.
What’s the Right Carb Intake for People with Diabetes?
The optimal amount of carbs may also vary by individual, since everyone has a unique response to carbs.
Most individuals with diabetes report a moderate intake of carbohydrate (44–46% of total calories) . Efforts to modify habitual eating patterns are often unsuccessful in the long term; people generally go back to their usual macronutrient distribution.
To figure out your ideal amount of carbs, you may want to measure your blood glucose with a meter before a meal and again 1 to 2 hours after eating.
NOTE: Both children and adults with diabetes are encouraged to minimize intake of refined carbohydrates and added sugars and instead focus on carbohydrates from vegetables, legumes, fruits, dairy products, and whole grains.
Eating Patterns, Macronutrient Distribution, and Meal Planning
Evidence suggests that there is not an ideal percentage of calories from carbohydrate, protein, and fat for all people with diabetes. Therefore, macronutrient distribution should be based on an individualized assessment of current eating patterns, preferences, and metabolic goals.
Emphase on healthful eating patterns containing nutrient-dense foods, with less focus on specific nutrients.
NOTE: Low-carb meal plan is not recommended for women who are pregnant or lactating, people with or at risk for disordered eating, or people who have renal disease.
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Food to Eat and Avoid
It’s best to eat low-carb food but also focus on your hunge ans fullness.
Foods to eat
- Dairy product ( milk and yoghurt ).
- Salmon, meat, seafood
- Olives, avocado
- Nonstarchy vegetables
Foods to avoid
- Bread, pasta
- Soda, sweatened tea
- Starchy vegetables
- Beer, dessert, candy etc
Physical activities can also manage diabetes. Running, resistance and aerobic exercise is important.
Consult your doctor before making changes to your diet.